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1 - 12 of 2107 results
A brighter future: Harnessing solar energy in a Jharkhand village

Simdega district in Jharkhand – one of NITI Aayog’s ‘Aspirational Districts’ – comprises small habitations that are not yet connected to grid-based electricity. In this note, Goswami and co-authors discuss how the installation of a solar micro-grid in village Chinjheria created livelihood ...

  • Notes from the Field

Content Type: Notes from the Field
Topic: Productivity & Innovation
Year: 2024

Can safe drinking water improve children’s educational outcomes?

It is well-established that treated water has health benefits, but can it also enhance children’s educational outcomes? Analysing India Human Development Survey data, this article provides evidence in this context – identifying pathways such as decreased incidence of diarrhoea, lesser time spent...

  • Articles

Content Type: Articles
Topic: Human Development
Year: 2024

The tribal communities of central India: Challenges and way forward

The ‘Status of Adivasi Livelihoods’ Report has once again brought attention to the dire situation of tribes in central India. Based on a survey of tribal households in Madhya Pradesh and Chattisgarh, Chaudhuri and Ghosh discuss challenges such as loss of biodiversity and landlessness, poor food ...

  • Notes from the Field

Content Type: Notes from the Field
Topic: Human Development
Year: 2024

16th Finance Commission: Towards vertical and horizontal balance

The recommendations of the recently constituted Sixteenth Finance Commission (FC16) will govern the sharing of revenues between the Union and states during 2026-2031. In this post, Ganguli and Sinha look back on the Fifteenth Finance Commission (FC15) Report, in the context of the mandate to address...

  • Perspectives

Content Type: Perspectives
Topic: Money & Finance
Year: 2024

How R&D tax credits can drive price competition in Indian industries

In the last few decades, tax credits have been introduced in many developing countries to incentivise investment in research and development (R&D). Looking at the staggered introduction of R&D tax credits across industries, this study finds that increases in tax credits were effective in increasing ...

  • Articles

Content Type: Articles
Topic: Productivity & Innovation
Year: 2024

Weaving through generations: Productivity gains in family-owned businesses in rural India

In Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, weaving is often a family enterprise. Using data from over 1,800 households, this ongoing mixed-methods evaluation by Patel et al. shows that households with multi-generational weaving businesses earn more in weaving revenue and have greater household incomes relativ...

  • Articles

Content Type: Articles
Topic: Productivity & Innovation
Year: 2024

Emergence of a private credit market in India

The last few years have seen the growth of a private credit market in India, which offers financing to small and mid-sized firms with a relatively high default risk. In this piece, Datta and Sengupta discuss the emergence of alternative investment funds in the context of the evolving commercial cred...

  • Perspectives

Content Type: Perspectives
Topic: Money & Finance
Year: 2024

How reforming India’s workfare programme raised private sector earnings

By randomising the rollout of improved, biometric payment infrastructure used to issue National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme payments in Andhra Pradesh, this study found that this reform raised incomes and reduced poverty. This effect was realised mostly through increases in private labour mark...

  • Articles

Content Type: Articles
Topic: Poverty & Inequality
Year: 2024

Implications of shifting trends and patterns in India’s oil exports

Sharmila Kantha outlines why the high share of petroleum products in India's exports is a concern – particularly considering the declining trend in India's oil and gas production and fluctuating global demand. She shares some trends in the volume and value of India's oil exports and imports, as we...

  • Perspectives

Content Type: Perspectives
Topic: Trade
Year: 2024

Coping through acceptance: What shapes attitudes towards intimate partner violence

In many instances, tolerance for intimate partner violence (IPV) exists even among its victims, with women justifying their partners' behaviour as a coping mechanism. This article investigates the causal effect of IPV on attitudes towards violence, and the extent to which the length of exposure to a...

  • Articles

Content Type: Articles
Topic: Social Identity
Year: 2024

Watering the seeds of the rural economy: Evidence from groundwater irrigation in India

Over time, technological advancements accompanied with government energy subsidies have made groundwater the single largest source of irrigation in India. This study evaluates the impact of access to groundwater irrigation on the spatial and sectoral distribution of rural economic activity. It finds...

  • Articles

Content Type: Articles
Topic: Agriculture
Year: 2024

A more focused RBI: Creating capacity to tackle ‘true’ market failure

Large, routine payments to the government by the public lead to liquidity crunch in the economy, necessitating interventions by the central bank. However, Gurbachan Singh argues that the RBI is better suited to managing true market failures, and suggests that certain functions could be performed out...

  • Perspectives

Content Type: Perspectives
Topic: Money & Finance
Year: 2024