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Food, fuel, and facts: Distributional effects of global price shocks

The recent upsurge in global prices of essential commodities of food and fuel, warrants an analysis of the distributional ramifications, especially within developing economies. This article examines Indian household consumption and income data, and finds that on average, increases in these prices ad...

  • Articles

Content Type: Articles
Topic: Macroeconomics
Year: 2024

Policy Roundup: India has a new government

In the aftermath of the 2024 Lok Sabha election results, this post presents a curation of developments in the Indian policy landscape – highlighting I4I content on how coalition governments have historically brought about policy reforms, and varied evidence on the effects of a constituency having ...

  • Perspectives

Content Type: Perspectives
Topic: Miscellany
Year: 2024

Historical land policies and socioeconomic development: The case of Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh is characterised by significant intra-state variation in developmental outcomes, with research suggesting that this could be partially attributable to the long-run effects of differences in colonial land policies within the state. Comparing areas that underwent land reforms in the 19th...

  • Articles

Content Type: Articles
Topic: Human Development
Year: 2024

What will it take for the Indian economy to break out of the lower-middle-income bracket?

In 2007, India moved from the low-income to lower-middle-income category, as per the World Bank’s classification of countries by income. With clear aspirations to graduate into the higher brackets of income, what will it take for India to make it? Speaking at the launch event of Ashoka’s Univers...

  • Perspectives

Content Type: Perspectives
Topic: Macroeconomics
Year: 2024

Reversing the trend: Improving toilet access for better test scores

Poor sanitation is associated with adverse health outcomes among children, which in turn are linked with poor educational outcomes. Leveraging the staggered implementation of ‘Swachh Bharat Mission’ across districts in India during 2014-2018, this article shows that exposure to the programme imp...

  • Articles

Content Type: Articles
Topic: Human Development
Year: 2024

Panel discussion: Creating a sustainable growth strategy for India

The previous I4I post presented videos from the first session of the India Sustainable Growth Conference hosted at LSE in May, wherein researchers, policymakers and other stakeholders deliberated on how India can balance its climate and growth objectives. This post features videos from the second se...

  • Events

Content Type: Events
Topic: Environment
Year: 2024

India Sustainable Growth Conference: A recap

India is at the forefront of the global challenge of sustainable growth – adaptation to climate change and mitigation of its adverse effects must take place simultaneously with efforts to alleviate poverty and improve development indicators. The India Sustainable Growth Conference, hosted at LSE i...

  • Events

Content Type: Events
Topic: Environment
Year: 2024

Financing India’s green structural transformation

While India has launched an ambitious green structural transformation programme – with some initial successes to its credit – it is still nascent and there is a need to mobilise more resources. In this post, Ejaz Ghani outlines how global risk pooling, fiscal reforms, public-private partnerships...

  • Perspectives

Content Type: Perspectives
Topic: Environment
Year: 2024

From numbers to impact: Learning from effective data management in Rajasthan

Access to good data is critical for evidence-based decision-making in policy. In this note, Santhosh and Kapur discuss insights from a study of Rajasthan’s experience with collecting, sharing and using data pertaining to developmental challenges. They make recommendations for improving interoperab...

  • Notes from the Field

Content Type: Notes from the Field
Topic: Governance
Year: 2024

Determining how many Indians are poor today

Poverty debates in India have seen a revival since the release of a fact sheet from the 2022-23 household consumption expenditure survey. In this post, Ghatak and Kumar note that the general consensus among researchers is that extreme poverty is under 5%. However, they contest this by digging deeper...

  • Perspectives

Content Type: Perspectives
Topic: Poverty & Inequality
Year: 2024

What does Mission Antyodaya data say about rural deprivation?

Public provisioning of basic facilities such as health and education, remains crucial for marginalised populations. In the context of the decentralised structure of governance and fund allocation in India, Guha, Jyotishi and Hatekar assess public provisioning at the disaggregated levels, and the gap...

  • Perspectives

Content Type: Perspectives
Topic: Governance
Year: 2024

Bringing work home: Flexible work arrangements as ‘gateway jobs’ for women

Millions of women stay out of the workforce despite having a desire for paid work, often because available opportunities are incompatible with traditional norms of household roles. Based on an experiment in West Bengal, this article shows that flexible work arrangements significantly raise women’s...

  • Articles

Content Type: Articles
Topic: Productivity & Innovation
Year: 2024