Ashok Kotwal
The challenge of job creation
Posted on: 15 Dec 2017
The process of economic transformation that entails labour transitioning from low- to high ... read on »
GST Explainer: Introduction
Posted on: 16 Oct 2017
Seventeen years after its framework was formed, India’s biggest tax reform – the goods and ... read on »
Introducing a new feature: ‘Explainers’
Posted on: 16 Oct 2017
Our day-to-day lives are tossed around due to economic changes, resulting sometimes from g ... read on »
On demonetisation
Posted on: 23 Dec 2016
On the evening of 8 November, the Prime Minister announced on national television that Rs. ... read on »

Topic: Conflict

Drawing the line: The short- and long-term consequences of partitioning India
Prashant Bharadwaj , Saumitra Jha
Posted on: 08/09/2017 09:27:06

Colonial rule in India culminated in the birth of two nations, forcing the displacement of millions. This column analyses the economic and political consequences of the Partition in 1947. It finds that differences in the distribution of education and organisational skills across communities and the extent to which communities and regions traded with each other, played a key role in shaping the bloody nature of the upheaval during the Partition itself, and its long-term consequences.
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Holy wars? Temple desecrations in medieval India
Sriya Iyer , Anand Shrivastava , Rohit Ticku
Posted on: 27/03/2017 09:34:01
Topics:   Conflict

The rise of extremist groups such as the Taliban and the Islamic State, and their destruction of religious relics, have led some to magnify the presence of religious bigotry in Islamic societies. Using a unique, geocoded dataset this column tests two predominant narratives of Hindu temple desecrations in medieval India. It finds that whether a temple was located in a Muslim State had no bearing on the likelihood of its desecration; rather, desecrations were primarily determined by Hindu-Muslim battle outcomes.
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Intimidation, imitation, economics: Why youth are taking to terror
Abhijit Banerjee
Posted on: 15/12/2015 09:18:47
Topics:   Crime , Conflict

Men between the ages of 18 and 35 become terrorists, and it is the same demographic that supplies drug dealers, violent criminals, and foot soldiers of political parties. Abhijit Banerjee, Professor of Economics at MIT, contends that the pattern may be explained by factors such as the power of conformity, intimidation by the local big guy, finding the possibility of violence exciting, and frustration with economic prospects.
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Connecting the red corridor: Infrastructure provision in conflict areas
Jacob Shapiro , Oliver Vanden Eynde
Posted on: 05/11/2015 03:30:23
Tags:   naxalism

The government’s efforts to develop rural infrastructure have been particularly intense in the 90-odd districts that are affected by Maoism. How successful has the implementation of flagship infrastructure programmes been in these areas? This column finds that disruption of programmes by Maoists, as reported by newspapers, is not nearly as pervasive as one might think.
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Breaking the silence on growing intolerance
Abhijit Banerjee
Posted on: 26/10/2015 21:44:51
Topics:   Conflict
Tags:   religion

Recent violent incidents in the country indicate a growing intolerance towards those whom we disagree with, as well as an unwillingness of politicians to defend the rights of people to speak and live as they wish. In this article, Abhijit Banerjee, Professor of Economics at MIT, contends that this is not just a Hindu problem or that of religion. There is a need for the political culture to imbibe our long intellectual tradition of liberal thought.
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Economic development and Maoist insurgency
Anand Shrivastava
Posted on: 07/10/2015 22:19:37
Topics:   Conflict
Tags:   naxalism

The Indian government’s two-pronged strategy to counter Maoist insurgency involves economic development and military repression. Analysing data for 2006-2011, this column finds that increasing wages led to a small but statistically significant increase in conflict. It suggests that when the reason for conflict is absence of rights of low-income local communities on natural resources, this strategy by itself will not solve the problem and may even exacerbate it.
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Maoist violence and MNREGA
Gaurav Khanna , Laura Zimmermann
Posted on: 15/04/2015 00:00:00
Topics:   Jobs , Conflict

The spate of Maoist attacks on security personnel in Chhattisgarh this week serves as a reminder that Moaist insurgency is the single biggest internal security threat faced by India. This column analyses the impact of MNREGA on Maoist violence and finds a spike in police-initiated attacks on Maoists following the implementation of the job guarantee scheme in 2006. This is possibly because MNREGA provides credibility to the government’s commitment to development, making the local population more willing to share information on Maoists.
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Religion, minority status and trust
Minhaj Mahmud , Pushkar Maitra , Ananta Neelim
Posted on: 14/05/2014 00:00:00
Topics:   Conflict

A key factor that drives segmentation in societies is group identities along various dimensions. This column seeks to understand the effects of identity on individual behaviour. Based on an artefactual field experiment on Hindus and Muslims in India and Bangladesh, it finds that it is minority/ majority status based on religion, rather than religion in itself, that dictates trust behaviour of individuals.
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Can workfare programmes moderate violence?
Thiemo Fetzer
Posted on: 05/05/2014 00:00:00
Topics:   Conflict
Tags:   MNREGA

It is widely known that income shocks may trigger spurts of violence. This column explores whether workfare programmes can help mitigate support for violent movements. It finds that MNREGA has had a moderating effect on the intensity and incidence of terrorist violence in India, through the provision of more stable incomes - even for those who do not directly participate in the programme.
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Religion and relief in Muzzafarnagar
Rohini Somanathan
Posted on: 10/01/2014 00:00:00
Topics:   Conflict

The communal riots that broke out in Muzzafarnagar in the state of Uttar Pradesh in September last year took several lives and left hundreds homeless. In this Note from the Field, Rohini Somanathan shares her experience of visiting two of the largest relief camps in the region. While state relief was lacking, local Muslim communities were found to be providing a great deal of support to the refugees.
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IAP improving lives in Maoist-affected areas
Animesh Ghosh
Posted on: 05/04/2013 00:00:00
Topics:   Conflict

In this Note from the Field, a PMRDF working in the Left Wing Extremism affected Purulia district in West Bengal, narrates how the Maoist movement disrupted livelihoods, revenue generation and public service delivery, and how the Integrated Action Plan has helped restore normalcy in the district.
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The fight against left-wing extremism
Varad Pande
Posted on: 23/10/2012 00:00:00
Tags:   naxalism

In this Note From the Field, Varad Pande of the Ministry of Rural Development argues that left-wing extremism and violence is a major challenge for India. He says that while this is definitely a security issue, it is as much a political and a development issue. We will not end this war by bullets alone; we will win it only if we win over hearts and minds.
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Violence, organisation and skills
Steven Wilkinson
Posted on: 28/08/2012 00:00:00

This column seeks to understand the effect of violent conflict on a country’s subsequent political and economic development. It argues that measuring post-conflict effects is extremely challenging due to data and other methodological concerns. Using a new methodology and data from the Partition of India, it shows that there is a relationship between a group’s combat exposure and subsequent political activities such as ethnic cleansing, however this depends on the relative sizes of various groups and the specific context of the state.
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