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Ashok Kotwal
On demonetisation
Posted on: 23 Dec 2016
On the evening of 8 November, the Prime Minister announced on national television that Rs. ... read on »
A symposium on Piketty: Introduction
Posted on: 15 Jun 2015
Thomas Piketty’s book on ´Capital in the Twenty First Century’ has made waves. The f ... read on »
Emerging challenges: Economic and social
Posted on: 06 Aug 2014
To mark the second anniversary of I4I in July 2014, we invited two eminent scholars – Abhi ... read on »

Tag: FDI

A comparison of automobile industries in India and China
Smita Miglani , Saon Ray
Posted on: 05 Aug 2016
Topics:   Trade , Global Economy


The automobile sector in both India and China developed due to waves of investment in these countries since the late 1980s. This column discusses how India’s automobile sector has grown differently from that of other developing countries, especially China. In contrast to China, India has relied much more heavily on domestically-grown lead firms and has hence, benefitted at a slower pace from global best practices.
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What does China’s ‘new normal’ mean for India?
Sharmila Kantha
Posted on: 17 Jun 2016

China’s new normal – a growth rate of at least 6.5% - has been set as a target in its 13th Five Year Plan. In this article, Sharmila Kantha, Principal Consultant, Confederation of Indian Industry, contends that the potential implications of the Chinese deceleration for the Indian economy need to be analysed in detail.
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Why outward FDI should be encouraged
Natasha Agarwal
Posted on: 22 Apr 2016
Topics:   Economic Growth


The ‘Make in India’ programme seeks to incentivise global investors to manufacture in India. In this article, Natasha Agarwal, an independent research economist argues that efforts should also be made to support Indian businesses to invest abroad as several direct and indirect benefits accrue to the home country from outward foreign direct investment.
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Creating a services value chain between India and Thailand
Tanu M. Goyal , Arpita Mukherjee
Posted on: 08 Jul 2015

In the past two decades, India has signed several bilateral and regional comprehensive free trade agreements with Southeast Asian countries, which are likely to enhance services trade, investment and cooperation in the region. This column explores the prospects for creation of a services value chain between India and Thailand. It contends that integrating services may facilitate growth in Indian manufacturing by supporting production networks.
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Assessing the economic effects of India ‘Looking East’
Ganeshan Wignaraja
Posted on: 22 May 2015

PM Modi recently said that India needs to move from ‘Look East’ to ‘Act East’ and that this is a key component of his government’s foreign policy. In this article, Ganeshan Wignaraja, an economist at the Asian Development Bank, assesses the impact of India’s ‘Look East Policy’ of 1991 on India-East Asia economic integration. He contends that closer ties with East Asia can lead to significant economic gains for India provided government and businesses work together to promote reforms and regional integration.
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Impact of American FDI in India

Posted on: 15 May 2015
Topics:   Finance


The United States is one of India’s largest trade and investment partners. This column discusses the impact of American FDI in India in terms of direct effects such as job creation, exports and technology transfers, as well as indirect effects like spillovers from R&D and adoption of best practices. It also highlights challenges faced by American firms while investing in India.
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Analysing net foreign earnings of India’s corporate sector
J. Dennis Rajakumar
Posted on: 22 Apr 2015
Topics:   Trade


The corporate sector is the linchpin of the ‘Make in India’ campaign. This column finds that the sector is increasingly relying on imported inputs and its net foreign earnings are on the decline, thus contributing to the country’s current account deficit. It suggests that ‘Make in India’ should emphasise domestic procurement of inputs and strengthen technological capabilities in the country.
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Getting more out of India’s ´Tourist Visa on Arrival´ scheme
Natasha Agarwal , Magnus Lodefalk
Posted on: 10 Apr 2015
Topics:   Trade
Tags:   tourism , FDI


The Government of India has extended the ‘Tourist Visa on Arrival’ scheme - now expected to be renamed ´Visa Online (ETA)´ scheme - from five countries in 2010 to 44 countries in 2014. In this article, Natasha Agarwal and Magnus Lodefalk highlight some of the limitations in the design and implementation of the scheme, and make recommendations for maximising its economic benefit and effectiveness.
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From ‘Mess in India’ to ‘Made in India’ as a global brand?
Maitreesh Ghatak
Posted on: 15 Oct 2014

PM Modi recently launched the ‘Make in India’ campaign to attract investment and boost manufacturing. In this article, Maitreesh Ghatak contrasts the campaign with the Chinese model of economic governance, and reflects on its potential to enable higher growth and poverty reduction.
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Investment in Pakistan: Prospects and challenges for India
Samridhi Bimal
Posted on: 21 Jul 2014
Topics:   Economic Growth
Tags:   Pakistan , FDI


With the growing importance of India as a leading source of FDI in South Asia, and Pakistan’s liberal investment policies, there is great potential for Pakistan to attract FDI from India. This column examines prospects and challenges for Indian investment in Pakistan, and recommends policies that can create a mutually beneficial business environment for the two nations.
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Two views on the Budget
Eswar Prasad , Bharat Ramaswami
Posted on: 12 Jul 2014

The Modi government’s first Budget has received a mixed response. Eswar Prasad and Bharat Ramaswami present two distinct views on the Budget. While Prasad is of the opinion that the Budget hits the right notes and emphasises some key policy priorities, Ramaswami believes that a coherent policy and worldview is yet to emerge.
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Keys to successful reform in India
Eswar Prasad
Posted on: 09 Jul 2014

The new Indian government’s first budget - due to be unveiled this week – will be an important indicator of how forcefully the new PM intends to translate his mandate of putting India’s economy back on track into effective actions. This article contends that both strategy and specifics will be crucial for this budget to effectively kick-start economic reforms.
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Economic policy agenda for India in 2013
Dilip Mookherjee
Posted on: 02 Jan 2013

What should the priorities be for economic policymakers in India in the coming year? This column emphasises the need for greater transparency, and improved governance and regulation for reviving economic growth in 2013.
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