Gaurav Datt is Associate Professor in the Department of Economics and the Deputy Director of the Centre for Development Economics and Sustainability at Monash University. He has worked in research and operational positions at the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and the World Bank. Analysis of poverty, income distribution and social policy has been the primary focus of Gaurav's work. He has published widely in professional journals and authored several poverty assessment reports for the World Bank. His work encompasses a range of countries including India, China, Egypt, Laos, Mozambique, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Sri Lanka and Timor-Leste
Poverty reduction in India: Revisiting past debates with 60 years of data
10 Oct 2016
There has been much debate about the poverty impacts of economic growth and structural transformation in developing countries. This column revisits these issues using a newly constructed dataset of poverty measures for India spanning 60 years. There has been a downward trend in poverty measures since 1970, with an acceleration post-1991, despite rising inequality. Post-1991 data suggest stronger inter-sectoral linkages. Urban consumption growth came with gains to both the rural and urban poor. The primary/secondary/tertiary composition of growth has ceased to matter, as all three sectors contributed to poverty reduction.
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