Ashutosh Varshney is Sol Goldman Professor of International Studies and the Social Sciences, Brown University, where he also directs the India Initiative. Previously, he taught at Harvard and the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. His books include Ethnic Conflict and Civic Life: Hindus and Muslims in India, Democracy, Development and the Countryside: Urban-Rural Struggles in India, India in the Era of Economic Reforms, Midnight’s Diaspora, Collective Violence in Indonesia, and Battles Half Won: India’s Improbable Democracy (forthcoming). His academic articles have appeared in the leading journals of political science and development. His honors include the Guggenheim, Carnegie, Luebbert and Lerner Awards. He is a contributing editor for The Indian Express, and his guest columns have appeared in many other newspapers, including the Financial Times. He served on the former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan's Millennium Task Force on Poverty (2002-5), and has also served as advisor to the World Bank and United Nations Development Program (UNDP).
Caste and entrepreneurship in India
26 Aug 2013
It is now widely accepted that the lower castes have risen in Indian politics. Has there been a corresponding change in their entrepreneurial activity? This column seeks to answer this question by analysing comprehensive data on enterprise ownership in India. It is found that Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes are under-represented in ownership of private enterprises, and employment generated by private enterprises. This trend is widespread across space and time.
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