Gender
 
Bihar’s alcohol ban: Prudent policy or tail-chasing?
Sanjeev Kumar , Nishith Prakash
Posted on: 21 Dec 2015

Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar’s decision to implement prohibition in the state from 1 April 2016 is based on the rationale that alcohol consumption is the primary reason for violence against women. In this article, Kumar and Prakash argue that a blanket ban on alcohol won’t stem violence against women – but making alcohol costlier may help.
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Surrogacy bill: Boon or ban(e)?
Maitreesh Ghatak
Posted on: 07 Sep 2016
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The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2016 proposes a complete ban on commercial surrogacy and restrictions on altruistic surrogacy. In this article, Maitreesh Ghatak, Professor of Economics, London School of Economics, contends that the bill does not provide any compelling argument for the ban. Rather, by singling out those who are not even allowed the option of altruistic surrogacy, it reveals its biases.
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Banning commercial surrogacy in India
Ajit Karnik
Posted on: 05 Oct 2016
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In an attempt to protect the welfare of surrogate mothers, the Indian government has proposed to introduce legislation that will ban commercial surrogacy in the country. In this article, Ajit Karnik, Professor of Economics, Middlesex University, Dubai, discusses the threats that are associated with the welfare of surrogate mothers and argues that a ban would compromise their interests further as it would inevitably lead to the emergence of an illegal market for such transactions.
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Keeping women safe
Rohini Pande
Posted on: 24 Dec 2014
Topics:   Gender

Since the December 2012 rape incident in Delhi, numerous policies have been proposed to stop the “war on women”. In this article, Rohini Pande discusses economic research, including her own, on the social, legal and financial forces that cause individuals, families and the society to undervalue women and harm them. Such an understanding can help determine whether a policy may succeed, or create perverse incentives.
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Should the less educated be barred from village council elections?
Rohini Pande
Posted on: 23 Feb 2015

In December 2014, the state government of Rajasthan issued an executive order barring citizens with less than eight years of formal education from running for village council chief elections in all but tribal areas. In this article, Rohini Pande, Professor of Public Policy at Harvard University, contends that this will discriminate against able leaders who have been denied schooling because of gender, poverty or caste.
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Cash transfers to end child marriage: The Indian experience
Sajeda Amin , M Niaz Asadullah , Sara Hossain , Zaki Wahhaj
Posted on: 10 Apr 2017
Topics:   Gender

For over two decades, policymakers in India have been experimenting with conditional cash transfers to address the issue of child marriage. In this article, Amin et al. contend that financial incentives targeted at parents are unlikely to be sufficient; it is important to invest in girls’ education, and ensure steady growth of suitable jobs, and fair remuneration for them.
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Looking for icons to transform social norms
Debraj Ray
Posted on: 28 Jan 2013
Topics:   Gender , Crime

What can be done to reduce the incidence of rape? This article proposes that messages from role models such as cricketers and film stars can change outlooks. It outlines a strategy for measuring the effects of the proposed policy.
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Maternity entitlements for healthier babies
Diane Coffey , Payal Hathi
Posted on: 07 Jul 2016
Topics:   Gender , Health

The National Food Security Act, 2013 provides for a maternity benefit of not less than Rs. 6,000 for every pregnant and lactating mother in India. In this article, Coffey and Hathi explain why maternity entitlements are a good investment, and discuss how they should be designed to have the biggest impact on the health and productivity of the next generation.
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What explains the low and stagnating female labour force participation in India?
Stephan Klasen
Posted on: 03 Mar 2017
Topics:   Jobs , Gender
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In this article, Stephan Klasen gives an overview of the existing evidence on the supply- and demand-side drivers of female labour force participation in India.

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Surrogacy bill: Implications and way forward
Souvik Dutta , Subhasree Sarkar
Posted on: 06 Nov 2016
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Contributing to the ongoing debate on India’s surrogacy bill, Dutta and Sarkar discuss the potential implications of the bill on the country’s billion-dollar surrogacy industry. They contend that India could follow in the footsteps of Israel and adopt a more pragmatic and holistic approach to regulating commercial surrogacy, rather than banning it altogether.
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