Land
 
A ‘new’ land reform policy in India?
Dilip Mookherjee
Posted on: 11 Oct 2013
Topics:   Land
Tags:   land reform

The Ministry of Rural Development has recently issued a draft of a new National Land Reform Policy. In this article, Dilip Mookherjee discusses the key features, and presents his views on the pros and cons of the draft policy.
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Land-shackled
Devesh Kapur , T.V. Somanathan , Arvind Subramanian
Posted on: 17 Oct 2014
Topics:   Land

Rising land scarcity and land market distortions are increasingly becoming a binding constraint on development in India. In the first of a two-part series, Kapur, Somanathan and Subramanian diagnose India’s land problem. In the next part, they propose policy reforms for addressing the problem and ensuring that land facilitates rather than impedes development.
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Land acquisition Act: Addressing both justice and prosperity
Maitreesh Ghatak , Parikshit Ghosh
Posted on: 29 Jul 2015
Topics:   Land

The Modi government’s land acquisition ordinance did away with the consent and social impact assessment requirements for private projects in certain sectors under UPA’s 2013 land Act. In this article, Ghatak and Ghosh contend that in seeking to eliminate these hurdles, the ordinance puts more weight on prosperity and less on justice. In their view, justice and prosperity need not be irreconcilable objectives.
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The new land law: Are the states up to the challenge?
Ram Singh
Posted on: 25 Oct 2013
Topics:   Land

In the third part of the land law debate, Ram Singh asserts that the Act is biased against projects of state governments, and emphasises the need for states to undertake long overdue land reforms. He suggests amending the Act such that Public Private Partnerships and private companies are clearly distinguished, and there is no scope for strategic manipulations during the acquisition process.
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Land acquisition law: The buck stops with the states
Dhanmanjiri Sathe
Posted on: 07 Dec 2016

Some believe that by encouraging states to enact their own versions of the land acquisition law, the central government is diluting the law. In this article, Dhanmanjiri Sathe, Professor of Economics at Savitribai Phule Pune University, argues that states have much more experience and expertise in land acquisition. Given the diversity in development across states, it is only prudent that the law be customised to suit local requirements.
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Land acquisition: Need for a shift in discourse?
Dhanmanjiri Sathe
Posted on: 25 Jan 2017

Empirical evidence increasingly shows that farmers are willing to have their land acquired if the price-compensation package is acceptable. Given this trend, Dhanmanjiri Sathe argues that the discourse on land acquisition has been stagnant for a long time and needs to be changed.
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A second debate on the Land Acquisition Act
Varad Pande
Posted on: 21 Oct 2013
Topics:   Land

Of all the recently enacted parliamentary legislations, none is more important for industrial investment and growth than the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act. We have already had a debate on this Bill before it became an Act. The series of three articles we are featuring this week, though not presented in the form of a debate as previously done, present arguments on different sides of the same issue. In effect, it is a debate – our second debate on the Act. The first article below by Varad Pande (Ministry of Rural Development) lays out the motivation for the Act and defends its provisions as a balanced trade-off. The two articles that follow: one by Parikshit Ghosh (Delhi School of Economics) and Maitreesh Ghatak (London School of Economics) and another by Ram Singh (Delhi School of Economics), raise some questions about its provisions. We are hoping that the series will lead to further exchange clarifying the arguments on both sides.
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The Land Acquisition Act is deeply flawed
Maitreesh Ghatak , Parikshit Ghosh
Posted on: 23 Oct 2013
Topics:   Land

In the second part of the Land Acquisition Act debate, Ghatak and Ghosh argue that the legislation is ill-conceived and falls short on several counts. They contend that the formula for compensation is arbitrary, and recommend holding large-scale land auctions to discover the true value of land. They contradict Pande’s point that the Act strikes a fine balance between industrialists and farmers.
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Land-shackled - II
Devesh Kapur , T.V. Somanathan , Arvind Subramanian
Posted on: 22 Oct 2014
Topics:   Land

Rising land scarcity and land market distortions are increasingly becoming a binding constraint on development in India. In their previous article, Kapur, Somanathan and Subramanian diagnosed India’s land problem. In this part, they propose policy reforms for addressing the problem and ensuring that land facilitates rather than impedes development.
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Land acquisition debate: The price is not right
Maitreesh Ghatak , Parikshit Ghosh
Posted on: 31 Mar 2015

The central government’s move to amend the 2013 land acquisition Act has come under criticism for being ‘anti-farmer’. In this article, Maitreesh Ghatak and Parikshit Ghosh argue that while the amendments would streamline the land acquisition process, the law will still be fatally flawed unless a more rational method of determining compensation for land owners is put in place.
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