Conflict
 
Holy wars? Temple desecrations in medieval India
Sriya Iyer , Anand Shrivastava , Rohit Ticku
Posted on: 27 Mar 2017
Topics:   Conflict
Tags:  

The rise of extremist groups such as the Taliban and the Islamic State, and their destruction of religious relics, have led some to magnify the presence of religious bigotry in Islamic societies. Using a unique, geocoded dataset this column tests two predominant narratives of Hindu temple desecrations in medieval India. It finds that whether a temple was located in a Muslim State had no bearing on the likelihood of its desecration; rather, desecrations were primarily determined by Hindu-Muslim battle outcomes.
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Connecting the red corridor: Infrastructure provision in conflict areas
Jacob Shapiro , Oliver Vanden Eynde
Posted on: 05 Nov 2015
Tags:   naxalism

The government’s efforts to develop rural infrastructure have been particularly intense in the 90-odd districts that are affected by Maoism. How successful has the implementation of flagship infrastructure programmes been in these areas? This column finds that disruption of programmes by Maoists, as reported by newspapers, is not nearly as pervasive as one might think.
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Economic development and Maoist insurgency
Anand Shrivastava
Posted on: 07 Oct 2015
Topics:   Conflict
Tags:   naxalism

The Indian government’s two-pronged strategy to counter Maoist insurgency involves economic development and military repression. Analysing data for 2006-2011, this column finds that increasing wages led to a small but statistically significant increase in conflict. It suggests that when the reason for conflict is absence of rights of low-income local communities on natural resources, this strategy by itself will not solve the problem and may even exacerbate it.
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Maoist violence and MNREGA
Gaurav Khanna , Laura Zimmermann
Posted on: 15 Apr 2015
Topics:   Jobs , Conflict

The spate of Maoist attacks on security personnel in Chhattisgarh this week serves as a reminder that Moaist insurgency is the single biggest internal security threat faced by India. This column analyses the impact of MNREGA on Maoist violence and finds a spike in police-initiated attacks on Maoists following the implementation of the job guarantee scheme in 2006. This is possibly because MNREGA provides credibility to the government’s commitment to development, making the local population more willing to share information on Maoists.
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Religion, minority status and trust
Minhaj Mahmud , Pushkar Maitra , Ananta Neelim
Posted on: 14 May 2014
Topics:   Conflict

A key factor that drives segmentation in societies is group identities along various dimensions. This column seeks to understand the effects of identity on individual behaviour. Based on an artefactual field experiment on Hindus and Muslims in India and Bangladesh, it finds that it is minority/ majority status based on religion, rather than religion in itself, that dictates trust behaviour of individuals.
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Can workfare programmes moderate violence?
Thiemo Fetzer
Posted on: 05 May 2014
Topics:   Conflict
Tags:   MNREGA

It is widely known that income shocks may trigger spurts of violence. This column explores whether workfare programmes can help mitigate support for violent movements. It finds that MNREGA has had a moderating effect on the intensity and incidence of terrorist violence in India, through the provision of more stable incomes - even for those who do not directly participate in the programme.
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Violence, organisation and skills
Steven Wilkinson
Posted on: 28 Aug 2012
Tags:  

This column seeks to understand the effect of violent conflict on a country’s subsequent political and economic development. It argues that measuring post-conflict effects is extremely challenging due to data and other methodological concerns. Using a new methodology and data from the Partition of India, it shows that there is a relationship between a group’s combat exposure and subsequent political activities such as ethnic cleansing, however this depends on the relative sizes of various groups and the specific context of the state.
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